Reference Works

We have many valuable reference documents available for viewing or download.

The Legal basis for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms in Canada.
Many Canadians believe (and our government would certainly have us believe) that there is no Right of the citizen to keep arms for their own use and defense, like the US Second Amendment, in Canadian law. To those citizens, I would suggest a bit of reading up on our own history and legal framework. Our right to bear arms is not mentioned in recent documents such as the Constitution or Charter because it's already stated elsewhere in Canadian law.
  Our right to keep and bear arms in our own or the country's defense comes from exactly the same place as the American one -- English Common Law, the English Bill of Rights 1689, the writings of Sir William Blackstone in his Commentaries on English Law, and others. All these laws (and indeed the full body of English Law), became part of Canadian law on our Confederation in 1867 with the affirmation of the British North America (BNA) Act.
  We have this Right, though our government is attempting to suppress it and deny citizen's their age-old right to self-defense with the egregious and unconstitutional (not to mention horrendously expensive) Firearms Act and other proposals.
  It leads one to wonder why the government so wants an unarmed and defenceless populace.

Police use of the gun registry exaggerated
We've watched this useful figure grow from 2,000 per day in late 2004 ... to 6,500 per day as Auditor General Sheila Fraser released her damning report on the Gun Registry ... it would seem that vary few of the "hits" on the Registry database are actually instances of a police officer looking for firearms information...
What police officers really say about the gun registry.
Media outlets often state that the Gun Registry has the support of Canada's police, based on statements from several police chiefs and associations. The story is quite different from actual serving police officers who say the registry has little or no value...

Firearms: A Net Benefit to Canadian Society
  • Banning firearms would cost many thousands of lives annually.
  • The shooting sports contribute $6 billion, 35,000 jobs and 35,000 taxpayers annually to the Canadian economy.
  • How do guns save lives?
Ten Myths About Gun Control
Al Smithies, Research Director, CSSA
  1. Very Few People In Canada Own Firearms
  2. Canadians Want More Restrictive “Gun Control” Laws
  3. Reducing The Number Of Guns Will Lower Violent Crime
  4. Restrictive “Gun Control” Laws Reduce Robbery
  5. Homicides Are Committed By “Average” People Armed With Legally Owned Firearms
  6. Eliminating Firearms Will Reduce Domestic Violence
  7. Firearm Legislation Reduces Suicide And Firearm Accidents
  8. Restricting Legal Access To Guns Deters The Armed Criminal
  9. Canadians Do Not Use Firearms For Self-Defence
  10. Automatics, Semiautomatics, And “Military Assault” Firearms Are More Dangerous Than Other Guns and are the Weapons Of Choice In Crime
Folly of Gun control (PDF, 112K)
J. Thompson. January 2006
In one of the many episodes of the popular TV show The Simpsons, the town of Springfield is menaced by an impending comet strike. Much panic ensues until the event turns out not to have been doomsday after all; whereupon a number of the citizens decide "Let's burn down the observatory to make sure this never happens again!"
The Supreme Court of Canada rules on C-68
  • Supreme Court Of Canada -- Judgments In Appeal And Leave Applications
Public Opinion and Gun Control
  • The overwhelming majority of Canadians (and Americans) do not consider “gun control” an important issue (Kleck 1991: 365, 370; Kleck 1997: 330; Mauser, Buckner 1997: 17-21).
  • Most do not believe that restrictive firearm legislation is likely to have a significant effect on violence (Wright, et al. 1983: 235-237; Kleck 1991: 370; Mauser, Buckner 1997: 23)...
Are Rifles and Shotguns the Weapon of Choice in Canadian violent crime?
Paper originally presented to the 51st annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 17-20 November 1999.
(Also available as a PDF 572K)
  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Justifying 'Gun Control': The Myth of 'Public Opinion'
  • Bill C-68 The Firearms Act
  • Manufacturing Consent
  • The Illegal Movement of Firearms in Canada: Report of the Firearms Smuggling Work Group
  • Firearms Recovered by Police: A Multi-Site Study
  • Problems in Methodology
  • Robbery
  • Firearms in Canadian Robbery and Violent Crime
  • Handguns and Canadian Violent Crime
  • The Impact of “Non-firearms” on Firearm Robbery
  • Handgun Crime and the Legitimate Owner
  • Smuggling
  • Waking up the Neighbours
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
Points to Ponder
  • Involvement with Crime
  • Domestic Violence
  • Suicide
  • Robbery
  • We Have Been There Before
  • Bill C-68

    Public safety in Canada is not compromised because people commit crimes with guns: public safety is compromised because people commit crimes.
Would Banning Firearms Reduce Murder and Suicide? (PDF, 2.8MB)
A Review of International and Some Domestic Evidence
Don B. Kates and Gary Mauser
Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, Volume 30, Number 2. Spring 2007

Ten Myths Of The Long Gun Registry
(English) (Français)
Myths Surrounding The Dawson Tragedy
(English) (Français)
After the Gun Registry (PDF, 62K)
Dr. Gary Mauser, May 2006
The gun registry is a failure and should be scrapped. But if it is scrapped, how will we be able to keep guns out of the hands of people who shouldn’t have them? ...
If I Had A Billion Dollars
Canadian Gun Owners And Non-Compliance With The Licensing Provisions Of The Firearms Act (Bill C-68)

January 29, 2001
(A more in-depth version is available as a PDF 372K)
Based on the CFCs figures, forty per cent of Canadian gun owners, over one million people, became criminals on 1 January 2001. Anticipating these embarrassing statistics, the CFC acted quickly to manufacture consent for the legislation, releasing the results of a Fall 2000 survey indicating that gun ownership in Canada has declined substantially, and that there are only 2.46 million gun owners in 17 per cent of Canadian households...
Lies, Damned Lies, And The Canadian Firearms Centre: Response to CFC Brochure
Al Smithies, Research Director, CSSA. October 5, 2000
(A more in-depth version is available as a PDF 188K)
In the last week of September 2000, the Canadian Firearms Centre mailed to millions of Canadian households a multi-page brochure entitled Important Information for all Canadians about responsible firearm ownership. It is a masterful piece of propaganda created by Liberal government strategists desperate to avoid a potential election scandal over severe financial mismanagement, bureaucratic blundering, and mediocre civilian compliance with their 1995 gun control legislation, Bill C-68 (The Firearms Act)...
Gun laws do not reduce criminal violence according to new study
VANCOUVER, BC, 27 NOVEMBER 2003
Restrictive firearm legislation has failed to reduce gun violence in Australia, Canada, or Great Britain. The policy of confiscating guns has been an expensive failure, according to a new paper The Failed Experiment: Gun Control and Public Safety in Canada, Australia, England and Wales, released today by The Fraser Institute...
A Brief History of Gun Control in Canada, 1867 to 1945
Al Smithies, Research Director, CILA
European settlers to North American viewed their firearms as essential for providing food and necessary for both personal protection and the common defense. The modern idea that private gun ownership constitutes an unacceptable threat to public safety would have been viewed as little short of bizarre by our eighteenth- and nineteenth-century ancestors...
For Their Own Good, Part I - Firearm Control In Canada 1867-1945 (PDF, 1.4M)
An in depth look at Gun Control in Canada. Extensive and well-researched.
For Their Own Good, Part II - Firearm Control In Canada 1946-1977 (PDF, 540K)
Continued in depth look at Gun Control in Canada. Extensive and well-researched.
Trouble in Paradise: Small Arms in the Pacific: A Brief Critique (PDF, 428K)
Professor Gary A. Mauser, June 2005
This paper provides a brief review of a 2003 study by Alpers and Twyford in which they claim that the availability of civilian firearms contributes to criminal violence in the Pacific region. The authors admit that they could not collect any information on illegal or smuggled firearms, but instead they chose to focus on firearms that are legally owned. Despite recognizing that the principal source of illegal arms in the Pacific is police armouries, these authors conclude that the most important next step to solving the problems of criminal violence in the region is to introduce more restrictive firearms laws and to disarm civilians. This is a stunning non sequitur as the authors merely assume their conclusion. Their study provides no empirical support that civilian ownership of firearms poses any potential for criminal or terrorist misuse...
Long Guns and Family Violence
Garry Breitkreuz, M.P.
"In response to your request of 14 June 2006 concerning statistics on spousal homicides by type of weapon since 1995, I am pleased to provide you with two tables prepared by the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics..."
How Many Handguns Are There? (PDF, 82K)
January, 2006
The RCMP's 1994 Annual Firearms Report stated that in 1994 “...there are more than 1.2 million restricted weapons registered in Canada. Of these, 950,000 handguns are registered to about 560,000 private individuals.” ...
Legal Firearm Ownership In Ontario: Map (PDF, 86K)
Ontario CFO, CFC.
Map showing distribution of households with licenced firearms, with totals by type (restricted, non-restricted, etc.).